Everything you need to know about Colonoscopy
Do you know what colonoscopy is? Colonoscopy is an option for the detection of colon cancer and is a quick and generally painless procedure that allows complete examination of the entire intestinal lining of the intestine. You may think that this procedure is painful and bad for your health. But it's not as crucial as you think. Today, the article "Everything you need to know about colonoscopy" helps you know what colonoscopy is and all the information you need. Keep reading the full article to know everything.
What is colonoscopy?
Colonoscopy is a procedure that a doctor (usually a gastroenterologist) evaluates throughout the colon for signs of cancer. A colonoscopy tube is a flexible, hollow, lighted tube about four feet long at a finger thickness. Plus, he has a small video camera at the end. It fits gently into the anus and sends images to a television screen. Colonoscopy helps to find ulcers, colon polyps, tumours, and areas of inflammation or bleeding. And to eliminate small polyps or to take tissue samples if necessary, special instruments can be passed through the colonoscopy.
Why does a doctor recommend it?
Your doctor may recommend a colonoscopy test. Why is it recommended? Here are some reasons, let's find out.
• To explore symptoms: In a colonoscopy test, help the doctor find possible causes of abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, chronic constipation, chronic diarrhoea, and other intestinal problems.
• Colon cancer screening: if you have a moderate risk of colon cancer and are 50 years of age or older. Your doctor can then recommend the colonoscopy test every 10 years to reduce the risk of colon cancer.
• Look for polyps: Colonoscopy helps find polyps and the doctor recommends looking for them and removing them. To help reduce your risk of colon cancer.
What preparation is needed for Colonoscopy?
Cleaning your colon is the first preparation you need to start so that the doctor can see clearly inside and get good pictures. And there is a process of preparing a week that will include different stages.
A week before
If you are going to have a colonoscopy during the week, the doctor will recommend specific dietary changes. Canned or cooked vegetables are acceptable, but people should avoid the following foods during this week.
• Brown rice, oatmeal and white bread.
• Whole corn
• Raw fruits and vegetables.
2 days before
At this point, to make sure people are not dehydrated, they must drink plenty of water or other fluids. And the doctor recommends avoiding red or orange foods as they could bleed a person's colon.
24 hours before
When people go to colonoscopy, it is crucial to consume only clear fluids within 24 hours. Here is an example of acceptable clear liquids:
• Clear both or broth
• Coffee or tea but without milk or cream.
• Filtered fruit juice without pulp
• Frozen lollipops
The preparation of a colonoscopy, as well as the recovery, can be uncomfortable and impractical. But be sure to follow the instructions given by your doctor. I hope you have got useful information from this article "Everything you need to know about colonoscopy." If you have any questions about this article, leave us a comment below and we will do our best to answer you.